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History and teachings
Begliktash was a sacred place and there were performed sacred rituals from BC II. to the beginning of IV century AC. In these times these lands were inhabited by the Thracian tribe “skirmiani”. In the region were found lots of pottery, coins, tools, weapons, etc..
Rock elements of the sanctuary has natural origin, but some of them were further grouped into different ensembles (“astronomical clock”, “rock bed” “Sacred cave”, etc..) depends on to the performed rites. Many of rocks has excavated pits that were used for placing ritual fluids or to collect rainwater. Some of the stones have carved ritual signs.
The conducted studies have shown that at the end of the Bronze Age (XIII century BC) there was already a high density of human activity here. The finds show that the sanctuary was visited mainly by Thracians. It was associated with the cult of fertility, the Mother Goddess, the orphic dedication and immortalization of the Hero.
Beglik Tash is the oldest and largest Thracian sanctuary in eastern Bulgaria. It spreads over approximately 12 ha as it consists of two circles formed by large rock formations and stone ensembles, each of them representing a single element or feat in the ritual of sacred marriage and commitment. The use of natural phenomena by the Thracians shows their utmost respect for what nature has created, with only few natural forms changed by human hand in order to engrave ritual symbols and signs.
An important element in the Thracian rituals is the water lit by the sun. So they created many water reservoirs associated with grooves, channels, basins to collect the holy water with which to perform the ritual of cleansing wash. In a sense, visitors can learn about the hisotry, traditions, way of life, ierarchy structures and religious practices by visiting this site.
recommended for all; unique; does not require prior knowledge; accessible;
Remote, accessible by car. Human resources, assistanceyes, but limited. Accessibility (for disabled) , preparedness of the staffnot accessible for wheelchairs; staff not prepared. Infrastructure, staff, safety measures, languages guides available, safety measures are limited, complex infrastructure